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Foods that cause GERD and Acid Reflux

Foods that cause GERD and Acid Reflux

Knowing what foods to eat when you suffer from GERD is essential in your daily life, from enjoying a nice coffee at work or drinking just water can have a huge difference between sweet relief and sour misery. Keep on reading to learn what foods you should avoid and which ones you should include in your diet to prevent triggering acid reflux.

What is GERD?

The term gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), also known as Acid reflux, describes the passage of stomach contents into the esophagus. Under normal conditions, the gastric content does not pass into the esophagus since there is a lower esophageal sphincter (LES) that acts as a valve and prevents the passage of food. When this muscular barrier is improperly altered, or relaxed, the gastric content passes into the esophagus, irritating the mucosa and producing different symptoms.

People who suffer from it can experience a burning sensation in the middle of the chest and the middle of the abdomen. Sometimes nausea and even vomiting. All of this translates into a lack of appetite and desire to eat because at each meal, we ask ourselves, how am I going to find myself later?

In patients with GERD, it is best to follow some dietary guidelines, avoiding the consumption of foods and drinks that can worsen symptoms:

What foods to avoid?

There are different kinds of foods that can trigger heartburn, which can lead to great discomfort. These are a few examples of foods and drinks that can irritate your stomach acid:


Is an irritant and can leave the stomach more vulnerable to the acidic digestive juices produced by the body to digest food.

Caffeinated drinks

Like coffee, tea, energy drinks, and soda, are known to increase the symptoms of GERD.


Increases reflux symptoms due to the acidity of cocoa. 

Citrus fruits

Including lemons, limes, and oranges, have an acid pH, which means they can cause or worsen reflux. 

Spicy foods

Can make acid reflux symptoms worse. 

Which foods should you include in your diet?

The diet for acid reflux is a fundamental part of the treatment since it allows the digestive system to rest, preventing the symptoms from worsening. The foods allowed in the diet are those that are easily digestible and low in fat. There are six foods that, if you adopt it can help you prevent suffering acid reflux: 

  • High-fiber foods
  • Alkaline foods
  • Watery foods
  • Vegetables
  • Ginger
  • Oatmeal 

Foods should be prepared boiled, baked, or grilled, avoiding frying.

It's preferable to eat small amounts of food, but more frequently, for example, five times a day instead of three. When consuming any foods, it’s recommended to do proper chewing and to avoid lying down immediately. The purpose of doing these is to have some digestive rest, which means prevents the stimulation of hydrochloric acid that the stomach produces when faced with certain foods.

If you are having a crisis, the best thing to do is to prepare food with a softer, puree-like consistency. The meat can be shredded, and in the case of fruits and vegetables, they should be eaten cooked and without the skin. This way, foods are easier for the stomach to digest and make it work as little as possible to relieve any symptoms you are feeling. 

What to do if symptoms persist?

GERD is a problem that is common in our society, but many do not take it seriously until it is too late. It is important to remember that GERD is a chronic condition that can affect your lifestyle. And, if you already have changed your entire diet and still suffer from it, you should make a doctor’s appointment to treat the symptoms. 

Some patients have had complications with the treatment, or patients who have not performed it are operated on with mini-invasive laparoscopic surgery and then adding treatment with detailed medications.

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